, , , , & , Participatory simulations of urban flooding for learning and decision support, in L. Yilmaz, W. K. V. Chan, I. Moon, T. M. K. Roeder, C. Macal, & M. D. Rossetti (eds.), Proceedings of the 2015 Winter Simulation Conference, 3174-3175 (IEEE Press ). DOI  PDF


Flood-control measures, such as levees and floodwalls, can backfire and increase risks of disastrous floods by giving the public a false sense of security and thus encouraging people to build valuable property in high-risk locations. More generally, nonlinear interactions between human land-use and natural processes can produce unexpected emergent phenomena in coupled human-natural systems (CHNS). We describe a participatory agent-based simulation of coupled urban development and flood risks and discuss the potential of this simulation to help educate a wide range of the public—from middle- and high-school students to public officials—about emergence in CHNS and present results from two pilot studies.

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